Reports

July, 2017
CAPRI
Thematic Area: 

Ascertaining the true cost of providing an undergraduate degree in Jamaica is critical for students, ter ary ins tu ons, and government policy-makers. For prospective and current university students, understanding the real cost of a degree may force them to make more cost-effective choices, thus, reducing the cost barrier to educa on and increasing the likelihood of nishing their degree programme. For policy-makers, this informa on is important in order to make decisions that ultimately enhance access to and choice of a aining a ter ary education. Lastly, ter ary ins tu ons, and by extension the government, would be interested in decreasing this barrier (the real cost) to tertiary education which in turn would increase access, enrolment, and contribute more significantly to economic development. 

 

 

October, 2016
Natallie Rochester King
Thematic Area: 

The re-establishment of diplomatic relations between the United States and Cuba, and their agenda for normalising relations hold more opportunities than threats for Jamaica. The changes in the U.S.-Cuba relationship strengthen the already positive climate for economic growth and investment in the relatively large and diverse Cuban market, and will support that country’s progressive investment policy reforms and growth in private enterprise. The prospect of further growth in the Cuban economy is an opportunity for revival of the Jamaican economy. 

 

September, 2016
Patrice Whitely
Thematic Area: 
The purpose of this study is to identify ways to improve tax compliance in Jamaica. In order to do so, a survey of literature in
tax compliance was conducted to ascertain the techniques that have and have not been working in other countries. Recent
reforms implemented by the tax authority in Jamaica, Tax Administration Jamaica (TAJ), were then identified and compared with
international best practice.
September, 2016
Yonique Campbell
Thematic Area: 

Can the Tivoli Commission of Enquiry deliver policy recommenda ons which are bene cial to Jamaican democracy? Will the government implement these recommenda ons? What kind of policy outcomes should result from the establishment of the Commission? Will the Commission u lize a problem-solving approach by making recommenda ons which respond to both the immediate problem as well as the problema cs of the garrison phenomenon, a major root cause of the May 2010 events? These are important ques ons being asked by various commentators, who have engaged in the public debates about the role of the Tivoli Commission of Enquiry and the current state of Jamaica’s socio-poli cal milieu. The purpose of this brief is to examine some of these salient policy issues. 

 

September, 2016
Jody Jones
Thematic Area: 

This report is part of a project undertaken in collaboration with the Embassy of the U.S. in Jamaica, titled "Dialogues Between Democracies". This project, which consisted of a series of events and the present research, examined the benefits and challenges of the bilateral relations between the United States and Jamaica. Focusing on the themes of Security, Health & Prosperity, Democratic Governance and Social Inclusion, "Dialogues Between Democracies" celebrated the achivements of a strong partnership, whilst providing evidence-based recommendations to strengthen this partnership, presented in this report. 

The National Solid Waste Management Authority (NSWMA) is tasked with safeguarding public health through environmentally sound solid waste management practices but has largely failed to achieve this objective. Many have proposed privatisation as a method of overcoming the obstacles which have hindered the NSWMA. What are these obstacles? Should the NSWMA be privatised? If it should, what models of privatisation should be pursued? And what lessons could be learnt from other countries’ experiences with privatising solid waste management services? This report aims to answer these questions.

 

There is an increasingly global consensus regarding the comparative merits of, and shift towards the adoption of electronic Government-to-Person (G2P) payments to replace cash. The emergence of the mobile phone as a low-cost, pervasive payments channel has fuelled this momentum. This study examines and presents considerations for the adoption of mobile G2P payments for the delivery of PATH benefits in Jamaica. Through the analysis of several country case studies and an examination of Jamaica’s current economic landscape and policy imperatives, the study makes the case for the use of a PPP-model of engagement for implementing a mobile PATH payments system that could become the cornerstone of a robust national mobile payments ecosystem.

Open Data has emerged as a progressive approach to issues of fiscal transparency, public sector efficiency and new job creation. Open Government Data (OGD) refers to government data and information that has been created or commissioned by a public entity which is made accessible for public use and reuse. While preliminary work has been undertaken in the Caribbean to explore the potential for open-data enabled interventions none of these studies have attempted to quantify the economic value associated with these open data opportunities. Specifically, this paper presents an estimation of the potential economic contribution of Open Data to the education, tourism and agricultural sectors, culminating with generic guidelines for developing Jamaica’s Open Data policy.

February, 2016
CaPRI
Thematic Area: 
The Caribbean, more than any other region in the world, now faces a threat that has severe implications for its economic viability. This threat is the termination of Correspondent Banking Relationships (CBRs). Amidst concerns about money laundering and the financing of terrorism (ML/FT), several correspondent banks have been terminating or restricting business relationships with clients or categories of clients to avoid, rather than manage, the inherent risk. This action, referred to as ‘de-risking’ or ‘de-banking’, is a challenge that requires urgent and coordinated action from Caribbean economic, regulatory, and political leadership. This report therefore examines the underlying drivers of de-risking in the Caribbean, examines the impact of de-risking on the region, and proposes measures that can be taken to help to address the problem.
Most Jamaicans dream of owning a ‘big house on the hill’. While many would settle for a basic two-bedroom, concrete structure with just the basic amenities, houses are nonetheless expensive assets that require a substantial portion of buyers’ lifetime incomes. The National Housing Trust (NHT) was established in the belief that homeownership could be facilitated by a public mortgage body that built homes and subsidised the loans to purchase them. However, the current accumulated capital of J$126 billion, along with an additional J$76 billion in employee contributions held in the Trust, raises the following questions: (i) How much money does the NHT need to carry out its mandate in the way it has been doing? (ii) Is the NHT meeting its mandate? (iii) Is it using the right approach to deliver on its mandate?

The Government of Jamaica reintroduced the no-user fee policy for public health-care facilities in 2008. This study examines how the abolition of user fees has impacted health services in Jamaica. The loss of revenue from user fees has resulted in a reduction in the ability to purchase pharmaceutical and medical supplies, and hire adequate medical personal, and led to increased waiting/processing times.

January, 2013
CaPRI
Thematic Area: 

Public expenditure on education in Jamaica continues to surpass the average for developing countries, yet low test scores attest to a haemorrhaging education system. This paper assesses the current status and future prospects of nine critical dimensions of education in Jamaica.

This paper evaluates the value of social partnerships as a governance tool for the Commonwealth Caribbean by examining the experiences of Botswana, Ireland and Barbados, as well as the less-than-successful attempts to implement a social partnership in Jamaica.

June, 2011
CaPRI
Thematic Area: 

The continued use of government revenues to sustain public sector deficits has been highlighted as a major structural weakness by the International Monetary Fund (IMF), which has called for Public Sector Reform (PSR). This paper looks at success factors for PSR in Jamaica.

With the advent of the World Trade Organization (WTO), the EU and the Caribbean were forced to negotiate a more liberal Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) in 2008 and renounce many of their preferential trade relationships. This research examines the impact of the EPA on Caribbean states, showing it to be modest.

Fiscal sustainability was finally breached during the 2009 fiscal year when interest payments reached an unprecedented 66 percent of revenues. This crisis precipitated the Jamaica Debt Exchange (JDX) in February 2010 which appears to have been well designed and executed.

The Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) recently concluded by the European Union and CARIFORUM (the countries of CARICOM plus the Dominical Republic) replaces the Lomé arrangements and will govern trade between the two regions going forward. Using a computable general equilibrium (CGE) model, this exercise traces the economic impact of the tariff reductions on European Union imports into the Caribbean and consequently on the economies in the region.

This paper provides an overview of the existing education system in Jamaica and an analysis on the use of education report cards and value-added assessments for increasing accountability in the education system

Whenever the value of the Jamaican dollar depreciates there is public debate as to whether the country should change its currency regime to some form of fixed rate or dollarization. This study examines the exchange rate options for Jamaica.

December, 2008
CaPRI
Thematic Area: 

Social partnerships have emerged as a means for countries to cope with harsh economic circumstances. In this paper, we survey the experiences of other countries and conduct one-on-one consultations with Jamaican stakeholders to ascertain the prospects for successful social partnerships.

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